Patriarchs, Popes and Saints
By tradition, the Patriarch of Venice is also created a cardinal at the first consistory following his appointment. Given the statistics of the last century, it would seem to put such cardinals into poll position when it comes to electing a new pope. Of the eight men who were elected to the papacy in the twentieth century, three were patriarchs of Venice, Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto (Pope Pius X, 1903), Angel Giuseppe Roncalli (Pope John XXIII, 1958) and Albino Luciani (Pope John Paul I, (1978).
|Pope Pius X|
Lorenzo Giustinian (1381-1456) was the very first patriarch of Venice. He became bishop in 1433 and was made patriarch in 1451. He, too, was canonised in 1690.